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what does pH stand for in a solution

pH stand for potential of hydrogen. It is a measure of acidity or alkalinity of a solution. pH value range from 0 to 14. pH value of 0 means solution has a heavy concentration of acid, and pH 14 represents the most alkaline solution.  pH value of pure water is 7 and value seven means water is neutral.  As per logarithmic table, pH 2 is ten times acidic than pH 3, and 100 times more acidic than pH 4. pH 12 is ten times alkaline than pH 11, and 100 times more alkaline than pH 10. Aquarium hobbyists and fish farmers used to test pH of water before introducing fish in tanks. Majority of fishes do not survive in acidic water, so we need to balance the water before adding fishes. We can test pH of the water quickly at home using a pH meter or universal indicator chart...

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How to test pH of water at home

We can easily test pH of water at home using pH meter, pH solution, litmus paper and pH test strips. Testing pH of water helps to identify whether water is acidic or alkaline. pH of pure water is 7. Less than 7 means water is acidic and more than 7 means water is base or alkaline. Monitoring and maintaining pH value in the aquarium and fish tanks help to stabilise the growth of fishes. Fishes will not survive in acidic and high alkaline water. Rainwater has a pH value of less than 7, and it is acidic. Nowadays some drinking water bottle used to print pH value in their labels. We can use following methods for testing pH, Using pH meter Using universal indicator chart and pH solution Using pH test strips Using litmus Paper...

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How to set up a fish tank at home

Keeping an aquarium at home is a dream of majority people. Aquarium will make your home beautiful, it kills your boring time and observing fishes in an aquarium helps to reduce your stress. But before starting, you should understand the necessary things on how to set up a fish tank and maintain it. Choosing a fish tank Choosing aquarium tank is the first part. I have seen many people telling that beginners should select the small tank and I am totally against that. Small tanks need more care and maintenance. So decide on how many fishes you are placing in the tank and choose the tank which allows more space for the fish to swim around. Rectangular tanks are the best which has more surface area, and it will enable the air to mix with topwater. I do not suggest bowls because...

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Intensive fish culture with small investment

Are you own small land area for fish farming? Are you not getting much benefit from fish culture? Don't worry; you can earn more income with intensive fish culture techniques. Now you might be thinking of how it differs from standard fish farming, right? In ordinary ponds, fish stocks are like 200 fish per cent. In intensive fish culture, you can add more fish stocks. For example, we can raise around 1500 fish in 1 cent, but we need do proper filtration and maintenance. Nowadays fish culture in an aquaponics system is also common. You need to check following things before starting the fish culture. Setup ponds with tarpaulin sheets Nowadays fish farming in tarpaulin ponds is popular because tanks setup cost is too cheap compared to cement, fibre tanks. Cement tank...

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How to choose an aquarium filter

Choosing an aquarium filter for your tank is a difficult task for beginners as there are different types of filters available in markets. A filtration system is responsible for keeping your aquarium clean and removing waste, and toxic elements present in tank water. Once you set up a fish tank, you should need some basic ideas of types of filtration and filter type available before purchasing some filters which do not suit your needs. It is always advised to choose a filter based on the following requirements, Size of your Aquarium tank(Big tank needs a more powerful filter as it has more water capacity) How many fishes are you planning to put in the tank? How often will you do the maintenance? Types of filtration There are mainly three types of...

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